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Welcome to the Referencing LibGuide. This guide will:
- give you information on why referencing is an important academic skill
- advise which referencing style your tutors expect you to use
- provide links to tutorials and further help and support.
Citation, Reference, Bibliography?
Citation: this is where you refer to the source in the text of your document. This is a shortened way of citing the source, with full details given in the reference list.
Reference: the full bibliographic details of the source you have cited. In the Harvard style this is given as a reference list at the end of a document.
Bibliography: this includes any sources you have read as part of your research, whether you have cited them directly or not. When a bibliography is requested, this is also a list at the end of a document.
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Referencing & Plagiarism
Accurate referencing is essential in all academic work, and it:
- allows you to acknowledge your sources
- gives academic credibility to your work
- shows you have carried out thorough research
- allows your reader to find the sources you have read
- demonstrates your knowledge of a subject area
- prevents accusations of plagiarism.
What is plagiarism?
What should I reference?
You should always reference a source when:
- using a direct quote
- summarising a theory
- discussing someone else's opinion
- using case studies
- quoting statistics or visual data
Use this flowchart to help you decide if you need to reference (click on the image for a larger view):
Harvard Referencing Quiz
Put your referencing skills to the test with this great short quiz from Newcastle University Library.